Ashurbanipal the... Librarian? (From "Have To" History)

Ashurbanipal1. The world’s oldest known librarian – or at least the driving force behind the world’s oldest known library. And it was a big one.

2. King of Assyria (Mesopotamia) during its zenith, but educated with the assumption he’d never actually assume the throne.

3. Collection includes the oldest surviving tales of Creation, the Great Flood, and other suggestions the Old Testament might have borrowed a bit from prior cultures. This occasionally leads to hostility and inflamed passions as history and theology rub one another the wrong way.

Sargon of Akkad (from "Have To" History)

Three Big Things: 

Sargon of Akkad1. Arguably the oldest individual identifiable by name in all of known history. If you read every biography ever written in chronological order, his will be first. 

2. Formed the first real empire in all of human history (Mesopotamia) – a civilization made up of different peoples and cultures but still forming a coherent whole. 

3. For centuries after his death, his military success, his rule as king, and his general self-proclaimed awesomeness set the standard for all subsequent generals and monarchs. He was Alexander the Great, Napoleon, and Patton, all rolled together. (Or was he?)